Project Outputs


Anderson, Clare, and Hamish Maxwell-Stewart. ‘Convict Labour and the Western Empires, 1415–1954’. In The Routledge History of Western Empires, edited by R Aldrich and K McKenzie. Routledge (Taylor & Francis), 2013.

Christopher, Emma, and Hamish Maxwell-Stewart. ‘Convict Transportation in Global Context, 1700-88’. In Cambridge History of Australia, I, edited by A Bashford and S McIntyre, 68–90. Cambridge, 2013.

Edmonds, Penelope, and Hamish Maxwell-Stewart. ‘“The Whip Is a Very Contagious Kind of Thing”: Flogging and Humanitarian Reform in Penal Australia’. Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History 17, no. 1 (2016).

Godfrey, Barry. ‘Liquid Criminology: Digital Entrepreneurs and the Industrial Production of Criminal Lives’. In Liquid Criminology: Doing Imaginative Criminological Research, edited by Michael Hviid Jacobsen and Sandra Walklate, 2016.

Godfrey, Barry. ‘Preface for “Our Criminal Past”’. Law, Crime and History 5, no. 1 (2015): 1–4.

———. ‘The Crime Historian’s Modi Operandi’. In The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice, edited by Anja Johansen and Paul Knepper, 2016.

Godfrey, Barry, Helen Johnston, and Jo Turner. ‘“I Am Afraid She Is Perfectly Responsible for Her Actions and Is Simply Wicked”: Reconstructing the Criminal Career of Julia Hyland’. In Law, Crime and Deviance since 1700: Micro-Studies in the History of Crime, edited by David Nash and Anne-Marie Kilday. Bloomsbury Publishing, 2016.

Hitchcock, Tim, and William J. Turkel. ‘The Old Bailey Proceedings, 1674–1913: Text Mining for Evidence of Court Behavior’. Law and History Review, August 2016.

Inwood, Kris, Hamish Maxwell-Stewart, Deborah Oxley, and Jim Stankovich. ‘Growing Incomes, Growing People in Nineteenth-Century Tasmania’. Australian Economic History Review 55, no. 2 (2015): 187–211.

Johnston, Helen, Barry Godfrey, and David J. Cox. Victorian Convicts: 100 Criminal Lives. Barnsley, South Yorkshire: P & S True Crime, 2016.

Johnston, Helen, Barry Godfrey, David Cox, and Jo Turner. ‘Reconstructing Prison Lives: Criminal Lives in the Digital Age’. Prison Service Journal, no. 210 (2013).

Kippen, R, and H Maxwell-Steward. ‘Morbidity and Mortality on Convict Voyages to Australia’. In Lives in Transition: Longitudinal Analysis from Historical Sources, edited by P Baskerville and K Inwood, 41–74. McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2015.

Kippen, R., and H Maxwell-Stewart. ‘“What Is a Man That Is a Bolter to Do? I Would Steal the Governor’s Axe rather than Starve”: Old Lags and Recidivism in the Tasmanian Penal Colony’. In Transnational Penal Cultures, edited by James Campbell and Vivien Miller, 165–83. Routledge, 2014.

Maxwell-Stewart, H, K Inwood, and M Cracknell. ‘Height, Crime and Colonial History’. Law, Crime and History 5, no. 1 (2015): 25–42.

Maxwell-Stewart, Hamish. ‘Big Data and Australian History’. Australian Historical Studies 47, no. 3 (1 September 2016): 359–64.

———. ‘Convict Labour Extraction and Transportation from Britain and Ireland 1615-1870’. In Global Convict Labour, edited by Christian De Vito and Alex Lichtenstein. Brill, 2014.

———. ‘“The Lottery of Life”: Convict Tourism at Port Arthur Historic Site, Australia’. Prison Service Journal 2013, no. 210 (2013): 24–28.

———. ‘The Rise and Fall of Penal Transportation’. In Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice, edited by Anja Johansen. Oxford, 2016.

———. ‘The State, Convicts and Longitudinal Analysis’. Australian Historical Studies 47, no. 3 (1 September 2016): 414–29.

———. ‘“Those Lads Contrived a Plan”: Attempts at Mutiny on Australia-Bound Convict Vessels’. International Review of Social History, 2013, 1–20.

———. ‘Transportation’. In The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice, edited by Anja Johansen, 2016.

Maxwell-Stewart, Hamish, and Kris Inwood. ‘Demography and the Prison’. In The Future of Historical Demography, edited by Jan Kok, 41–44. Acco Leuven, 2016.

Maxwell-Stewart, Hamish, Kris Inwood, and Jim Stankovich. ‘Prison and the Colonial Family’. The History of the Family, no. ahead-of-print (2015): 1–18.

Maxwell-Stewart, HJ. ‘“And All My Great Hardships Endured”?: Irish Convicts in Van Diemen’s Land’. In Beyond the Island: Transnational Perspectives in Modern Irish History, edited by N Whelehan, 69–87. Routledge, 2014.

Shoemaker, Robert, and Richard Ward. ‘Understanding the Criminal: Record-Keeping, Statistics and the Early History of Criminology in England’. British Journal of Criminology, 19 September 2016, azw071.

Ward, Richard, and Lucy Williams. ‘Initial Views from the Digital Panopticon: Reconstructing Penal Outcomes in the 1790s’. Law and History Review, 31 August 2016, 1–36.

Williams, Lucy, and Barry Godfrey. ‘Bringing the Prisoner into View: English and Welsh Census Data and the Victorian Prison Population’. Australian Historical Studies 47, no. 3 (1 September 2016): 398–413.

———. ‘Intergenerational Offending in Liverpool and the North-West of England, 1850–1914’. The History of the Family, 2015, 1–15.

Presentations and Papers


‘Violent London’, Salon No. 41, Westminster Arts Library, November 2016 (Tim Hitchcock)

‘The History of Crime in 3 Dimensions’, NACBS, November 2016, Washington D.C. (Tim Hitchcock)

‘Modelling the trial process’, American Society of Legal Historians, October 2016, Toronto, CA. (Tim Hitchcock)


Annual Address for the Arthur Phillip Commemoration; St Mary-Le-Bow Church, Cheapside, London, 26th January 2015.

Voices of Authority: Reconstructing the Aural Experience of an Eighteenth-century Trial’, University of Sussex, 5th February 2015 (Tim Hitchcock)

Voices of Authority: Reconstructing the Aural Experience of an Eighteenth-century Trial’, Digital Innovations seminar, University of Nottingham, 4th March 2015 (Tim Hitchcock)

The Gordon Riots: When the mob broke Westminster’, Westminster History Club, 24th March 2015 (Tim Hitchcock).

‘Seeing things Differently: Visualising Crime History Sources for the Digital Panopticon’ – paper to be given at the Local Population Studies Society conference on ‘New Approaches to Old Data’ (Oxford, 18 April 2015). (Richard Ward)

‘Victorian Company law: Opportunities, Abuses and Unforeseen Consequences’, Social History Conference, Portsmouth University, April 2015 (Cerian Griffiths)

To no one will we refuse or delay, right or justice?: the betrayal of the nineteenth century shareholder, British Legal History Conference, Reading University, July 2015.

‘The Digital Panopticon: Reconstructing Criminal Lives, 1780–1925’ — paper given at The 1st Kings College London Digital Humanities Early Career Conference, on the theme of ‘Blue Skies Above, Solid Ground Below: Innovation and Sustainability in the Digital Humanities’ (London, 18 June 2015) (Richard Ward)

‘History and Policy’, Keynote, History and Policy One-Day Conference, Leeds University, September 24th 2015 (Barry Godfrey)

‘Making the Criminal Pay’, History and Policy, Houses of Parliament, November 5th 2015. (Barry Godfrey)

‘Census night 1881: the prison population and its characteristics’, Gender and Crime Conference, Leiden University, 27-28th Nov 2015 (Lucy Williams and Barry Godfrey)


‘Identifying the Criminal: The state and record keeping in the 18th and 19th centuries’, British Crime Historians Symposium, Liverpool University, 26-27 September 2014, (Robert Shoemaker)

‘Seeing things differently: Visualising Data on Crime and Punishment’, British Crime Historians Symposium, Liverpool University, 26-27 September 2014, (Richard Ward)

‘Bound for Botany Bay?  Old Bailey penal sentences and their implementation’, British Crime Historians Symposium, Liverpool University, 26-27 September 2014, (Lucy Williams)

“Victorian fraud and embezzlement: dishonesty, deception and immorality”,  British Crime Historians Conference Liverpool University, 26-27 September 2014 (Cerian Griffiths)

What’s in a name?:  Convicts, context, and multiple record linkage. November 4th 2014, ‘Record Linkage Workshop’ (Digital Panopticon, University of Sheffield). (Lucy Williams)

‘Voices of Authority: Reconstructing the Old Bailey Courtroom’ at the Humanities Research Centre, at ANU, Canberra.  13 August 2014 (Tim Hitchcock)

“The Digital Panopticon”, Launch of Prosecution Project Website, Griffith University, Brisbane, October 14th 2014 (Barry Godfrey)

‘Visualising Life Grids’, AHRC Visualising Data Workshop, All Souls, Oxford University, April 14th 2014 (Barry Godfrey and Lucy Williams)

‘Researching Desistence using Longitudinal data sets’, Temesek Polytechnic, Singapore, October 15th 2014 (Barry Godfrey)

“Building and visualising data in the Digital Panopticon”, Royal Historical Society Seminar, Liverpool University, 4th July 2014 (Barry Godfrey and Lucy Williams)

‘Conceiving the Digital Panopticon’, Galleries of Justice, Nottingham, 31st January 2014. (Barry Godfrey)

‘Making History Online’, RHS/Gresham College, Colin Matthews Lecture on Public Engagement (Tim Hitchcock and Bob Shoemaker) 12th Nov 2014

‘Big Data, Small Data and Meaning’. British Library Labs, 3rd November 2014 (Tim Hitchcock)

 ‘Transported Beyond the Seas: Criminal Justice and the Experience of Punishment in the Late 18th and 19th Centuries’, LAMAS Local History Conference, Museum of London, 2014 (Tim Hitchcock)

Making History Online, Gresham College, London, 12th November 2014 (Tim Hitchcock and Bob Shoemaker)

‘Visualising the Old Bailey Proceedings as a Digital Panopticon Dataset’ – paper given at the First Digital Panopticon Workshop on ‘Visualising Data’ (Oxford, 14 April 2014)  (Richard Ward)

‘The Digital Panopticon: The Global Impact of London Punishments, 1780-1925’ – paper given at the Centre for Criminological Research ‘Annual Research Review’ conference (Sheffield, 4 July 2014) (Richard Ward)

‘Seeing things Differently: Visualising Data on Crime and Punishment’, British Crime Historians Symposium, Liverpool, 26 September 2014 (Richard Ward)

Victorian fraud and embezzlement: dishonesty, deception and immorality”,British Crime Historians Symposium, Liverpool, 26 September 2014 (Cerian Griffiths)